Xi Jinping unexpectedly skips his speech at the BRICS business meeting with no reason.

Despite being scheduled to speak alongside his colleagues at the BRICS Business Forum on Tuesday in South Africa, Chinese President Xi Jinping did not attend. The speech criticizing the US for its propensity toward “hegemony” was read in his place by Wang Wentao, the minister of commerce.

According to Xi, the US frequently engages in conflict with nations that challenge its hegemony in international politics and the financial markets, according to a speech read by Wang at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg.

In the address, it was said that everyone has a right to national progress and that everyone should have the freedom to live happy lives. In a poorly veiled jab at the US, he claimed that one nation, however, is “obsessed with maintaining hegemony and has gone to great lengths to cripple the emerging markets and developing countries.”

“They form initially around the person they contain. The objective of blockage is whoever is catching up, said Xi.

Despite having arrived in South Africa on Monday evening, Xi skipped the business forum with no justification, which caused observers in China to react.

The German Marshall Fund’s Bonnie Glaser, managing director of the Indo-Pacific Programme, questioned whether his absence indicated that something was “missing.”

“This news should be stop the presses’ news!” In reaction to Glaser’s post, Jorge Guajardo, a former Mexican ambassador to China, commented. After all the preparation with India, an unexpected absence, especially in a multilateral forum (which the PRC rarely skips), is genuinely newsworthy. If accurate, something is definitely wrong.

Xi met South African President Cyril Ramaphosa earlier in the day, and he was scheduled to attend a dinner hosted by his host that evening.

Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa make up the group known as BRICS, which consists of the top rising markets and developing nations.

The gathering is being attended by more than 30 additional heads of state and executives from major international organizations, including UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres.

Africa, the Caribbean, South America, the Middle East, West Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia are all represented, making it the largest gathering of nations from the Global South.

The use of national currencies for global trade to challenge the dominance of the American dollar in global trade, as well as the admission of new members into the bloc—both of which are considered ways to temper the West’s dominance in global geopolitics—will be at the top of the summit agenda.

According to South African officials, 23 nations have sought to join the bloc out of discontent with a global order dominated by the US and its allies, and many more are reportedly contemplating it.

The nations are of the opinion that BRICS will serve as a multilateral mechanism to balance out Western dominance in international organizations like the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank.

According to Xi’s remarks, the combined growth of emerging markets and developing nations is “fundamentally changing the global landscape.”

The “force for good” known as BRICS, he claimed, will keep expanding despite any opposition. In his remarks, he stated that China was in Favor of BRICS membership growth and looked forward to “a stronger BRICS strategic partnership, expanding the BRICS-plus model, actively advancing membership growth, and supporting the improvement of the justice and equity of the international system.”

According to him, the meeting of the BRICS nations and more than 50 African nations “is not an exercise in asking countries to take sides or in provoking bloc confrontation.” Instead, it is an effort to broaden the structure of peace and growth.

In order for international financial institutions to be more adaptable and receptive to the issues facing developing economies, Ramaphosa said that they must undergo substantial transformation.

He claimed that the BRICS nations’ 2015 establishment of the New Development Bank was setting the standard. According to him, the organization has proven time and again its capacity to mobilize money for infrastructure and sustainable development in developing nations.

Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov is speaking for Russia, while President Vladimir Putin is participating electronically. Putin is not attending in person as a result of an arrest warrant being issued for him by the International Criminal Court in March for war crimes committed in Ukraine.

The ministers will meet on Tuesday to complete their recommendations to the heads of state, who will ultimately decide whether to expand BRICS. Anil Sooklal, South Africa’s ambassador at large for Asia and a BRICS sherpa, said the meeting was scheduled.

Sooklal reported that 23 nations had formally inquired about joining the BRICS as full members.

Ramaphosa said South Africa backed the expansion in a speech on foreign affairs on Sunday. According to him, an extended bloc would stand for a variety of states with various political systems that all share the objective of a more stable world order.

In order to reduce the dominance of the US dollar in payments, there has also been discussion about creating a single or common currency for the BRICS or allowing member nations to trade in their domestic currencies.

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