Egypt’s highest state honour is given to India’s prime minister.

Sunday marked the second stop of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s two-day visit, during which he met Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi. The trip’s goal was to strengthen connections between the two nations.

The Non-Aligned Movement, which sought an alternate way to identifying with either communism or capitalism at the height of the Cold War, was founded in the 1950s with significant contributions from both Egypt and India. Since that time, the two countries have had profound ties.

The last Indian prime leader to visit Egypt on a state visit was more than 20 years ago when Mr. Modi arrived in Cairo on Saturday. Six months had passed since Mr. El-Sissi had attended India’s Independence Day in New Delhi as an official guest. He made a two-day trip there.

At the Cairo presidential palace on Sunday morning, Mr. El-Sissi greeted Mr. Modi. According to Arindam Bagchi, a spokesman for India’s external affairs ministry, he presented the visiting prime minister with the Order of the Nile, the country’s highest state distinction.

Our shared relationships have had a spectacular year, Mr. Modi said during a meeting with Egypt’s prime minister, Moustafa Madbouly, on Saturday.

Both nations decided to increase their commercial cooperation earlier this year. One of the top five importers of Egyptian products is India, the world’s most populous country, which also ranks among the top five importers of salt, textiles, inorganic substances, oil seeds, liquid petroleum, natural gas, and cotton.

Both Mr. El-Sissi and Mr. Modi, who took office in their respective countries in 2014, have recently developed tighter relationships. For the past 16 months, they have defied pressure from the West to denounce Russia’s war in Ukraine. Both Egypt and India have long-standing relationships with the Kremlin.

Rajnath Singh, India’s defence minister, stated during a trip to Cairo in September that there has been a shift in the geopolitical and geoeconomic landscape of the world, and both nations want to play a defining role in it. Due to its geostrategic position, which connects Africa, West Asia, the Mediterranean, and Europe, Egypt is also significant from an Indo-Pacific perspective.

Following a four-day visit to the US, Mr. Modi arrived in Cairo. While there, he met with leading American businesspeople and held discussions with President Joe Biden and other government officials.

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