Chandrayaan-3, India’s third lunar exploration mission takes off successfully from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

The Chandrayaan-3 mission of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) lifted off on Thursday, July 14 at 2.35 PM IST from Sriharikota’s Satish Dhawan Space Center.

If Isro completes this mission successfully, it will join only three other nations—the United States, the former Soviet Union, and most recently China that have managed a soft landing on the moon. Before making a successful Moon landing, both the US and the USSR destroyed numerous spacecraft. With the Chang’e-3 mission in 2013, China was the only nation to achieve success in its initial attempt.

At the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, around 200 schoolchildren arrive to see the launch of Chandrayaan 3.

”In a perfect orbit, Chandrayaan-3 has started its trip to the Moon. The spacecraft is in good health,” ISRO tweeted.

A new chapter in India’s space odyssey is written by Chandrayaan-3. Every Indian’s aspirations and hopes are elevated as it soars high. This outstanding accomplishment is evidence of our scientists’ unwavering commitment. I applaud their creativity and spirit, PM Narendra Modi tweeted.

Regarding India’s space industry, the date July 14, 2023 will always be inscribed in gold letters. Our third lunar expedition, Chandrayaan-3, will start its trip. The hopes and dreams of our country will be carried by this amazing effort, PM Narendra Modi tweeted.

The third mission of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to explore the moon is called Chandrayaan-3, which is pronounced “mooncraft”. It is similar to Chandrayaan-2 in that it has a lander and a rover, but it lacks an orbiter. Its propulsion system operates as a satellite-based relay system for communications. The lander and rover combination is carried by the propulsion module up until the spacecraft is in a 100 km lunar orbit.

Another lunar mission was proposed in the wake of Chandrayaan-2, which failed to successfully orbit the moon after a last-minute software error in the soft landing guidance software caused the lander’s soft landing attempt to fail.

For the Chandrayaan-3 mission, ISRO has established three key goals, which include:

  1. A safe, soft landing of a lander on the Moon’s surface.
  2. Monitoring and showcasing the rover’s lunar loitering abilities.
  3. On-site scientific observation enables studies on the soil, water, and other natural and chemical elements that are present on the Moon’s surface in order to comprehend and practice the Moon’s composition.

The spacecraft is anticipated to travel to the moon in roughly a month, and a landing is anticipated for August 23. After landing, it will run for one lunar day, or around 14 days on Earth.

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